Multilingualism in Manchester
Manchester is a very multiethnic and multilingual city. Its significant ethnic minority groups comprise 13% of the population. The largest groups are Pakistani (4%) and Black Caribbean (3%), but also Indians, Black Africans, Bangladeshi and Chinese.
Sometimes these ethnic groups retain the languages of their countries of origin, which are called community languages. According to Manchester City Council, seventy languages are spoken as mother tongues in the Greater Manchester area.
Many more reports on multilingualism in Manchester are available for download at our Multilingual Manchester site.